Definition of skill
First and foremost and to facilitate a good understanding, it is necesary to define what a skill is. The definition we chose is the one held by the world of the education and training: [Every skill is defined as a combination of knowledge, aptitude and behaviour (we prefer the word “ability” to “aptitude” which first defines a natural inclination). The “knowledge” belongs to the cognitive field, “abilities” (or “aptitudes”) to the psychomotor.
In other words, it is about “knowledge”, “technical know-how” and “personal development”.
These three elements make a “skill”.
For example “the skill of an educational science such as languages, encompasses the knowledge (vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation and spelling), the capacity to correctly use this knowledge in concrete situations (to converse, to write a letter…) and in a generally open attitude towards others”.
In the building and civil engineering field, a skill is the capacity to correctly use knowledge in professional situations, a profession, to produce work.
Observation on the skills evaluation of students-
Due to the specificity of the profession, the evaluation of a professional worker’s skills depends on:
1. The evaluation of the proficiency level of fundamental knowledge and technical skills.
2. The ability to use one’s knowledge in a common work situation.
3. Professional behavior. This method evaluates if the good practices have been taken into account (prudent behavior and positioning, faculty to anticipate and adapt, good practice rules, etc.)
4. Uniqueness (mobility, faculty to anticipate and adapt, handle hazards).
These different methods are not contradictory but complementary.